Banner Photo: Gita Ljubicic

SUN Team members are committed to sharing research progress and results in multiple formats, to communicate our work in accessible ways to different audiences. Journal articles, book chapters, technical reports and theses (below) are important to reach research and decision-making audiences. Other publications and reports (to the right) are written to summarize results for community partners and a public audience.

Community-specific reports, summaries, flyers, maps, posters, and updates are developed for every project to share with community contributors and supporting organizations. For community-specific reports, visit the page for the community or project you are interested in.

We also share progress and results through community presentations, conference presentations, workshops, radio shows, newsletters, social media, among others (but these are harder to share in a website format!).

If you have any trouble accessing or downloading documents of interest, please contact Gita Ljubicic for copies.

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License. You can freely download and share all documents posted for non-commercial uses, as long as the authors are credited. Photos cannot be used for any other purposes, without permission from the photographer.

Journal Articles

Paquette, E., Ljubicic, G., Johnston, C. A. Okpakok, S., Mueller, D., and Montpetit, B. 2023. Seasonal Sea Ice Conditions Affect Caribou Crossing Areas Around Qikiqtaq, Nunavut: Uqsuqtuurmiut Knowledge Guides Ice Chart Analysis. Arctic, 76(1): 83-101. (

Ljubicic, G., Mearns, R., Okpakok, S., and Robertson, S. 2022. Nunami iliharniq (Learning from the land): Reflecting on relational accountability in land-based learning and cross-cultural research in Uqsuqtuuq (Gjoa Haven, Nunavut). Arctic Science, 8(1): 252-291. (

Wilson, K. J., Arreak, A., Itulu, J., Sikumiut Community Management Committee, Ljubicic, G. J., and Bell, T. 2021b. “When We’re on the Ice, All We Have is Our Inuit Qaujimajatuqangit”: Mobilizing Inuit Knowledge as a Sea Ice Safety Adaptation Strategy in Mittimatalik, Nunavut. Arctic, 74(4): 525-549. (

Perrin, A. D., Ljubicic, G., and Ogden, A. 2021. Northern Research Policy Contributions to Canadian Arctic Sustainability. Sustainability, 13(21): 12035. (

Wilson, K., Arreak, A., Sikumiut Committee, Bell, T., and Ljubicic, G. 2021a. The Mittimatalik Siku Asijjipallianinga (Sea Ice Climate Atlas): How Inuit Knowledge, Earth Observations, and Sea Ice Charts Can Fill IPCC Climate Knowledge Gaps. Frontiers in Climate, 3: 715105. (

Simonee, N., Alooloo, J., Carter, N. A., Ljubicic, G., and Dawson, J. 2021. Sila Qanuippa? (How’s the Weather?): Integrating Inuit Qaujimajatuqangit and Environmental Forecasting Products to Support Travel Safety around Pond Inlet, Nunavut, in a Changing Climate. Weather, Climate, and Society, 13(October): 933-962. (

Robertson, S., Okpakok, S., and Ljubicic, G. 2020. Territorializing piquhiit in Uqsuqtuuq (Gjoa Haven, Nunavut, Canada): negotiating homeland through an Inuit normative system. Territory, Politics, Governance, online. (

Wilson, K., Bell, T., Arreak, A., Koonoo, B., Angnatsiak, D., and Ljubicic, G. 2020. The Sikumiut Model: Changing the role of non-Indigenous research partners in practice to support Inuit self-determination in research. Arctic Science, 6(3), 127-153. (

Henri, D. A., Carter, N. A., Irkok, A., Nipisar, S., Emiktaut, L., Saviakjuk, B., Salliq Project Management Committee, Arviat Project Management Committee, Ljubicic, G. J., Smith, P. A., and Johnston, V. 2020. Qanuq ukua kanguit sunialiqpitigu? (What should we do with all of these geese?) Collaborative research to support wildlife co-management and Inuit self-determination. Arctic Science, 6(3), 173-207. (

Oberndorfer, E., Broomfield, T., Lundholm, J., and Ljubicic, G. 2020. Inuit cultural practices increase local-scale biodiversity and create novel vegetation communities in Nunatsiavut (Labrador, Canada). Biodiversity and Conservation, 29: 1205-1240. (

Oberndorfer, E. 2020. What the Blazes!? A People’s History of Fire in Labrador. Journal of the North Atlantic, 40: 1-16. (

Haavisto, R., Lamers, M., Carrasco, J., Dawson, J., Liggett, D., Ljubicic, G., Stewart, E., and Thoman, R. 2020. Mapping weather, water, ice and climate (WWIC) information providers in Polar Regions: Who are they and who do they serve? Polar Geography, online.(

Stewart, E., Liggett, D., Lamers, M., Ljubicic, G., Dawson, J., Thoman, R., Haavisto, R., and Carrasco, J. 2019. Characterising polar mobilities to understand the role of weather, water, ice and climate (WWIC) information.  Polar Geography, online (

Carter, N. A., Dawson, J., Simonee, N., Tagalik, S., and Ljubicic, G. 2019. Lessons learned through research partnership and capacity enhancement in Inuit Nunangat. Arctic, 27, 4: 381-403. (

Robertson, S., and Ljubicic, G. 2019. Nunamii’luni quvianqtuq (It is a happy moment to be on the land): Feelings, freedom and the spatial political ontology of well-being in Gjoa Haven and Tikiranajuk, Nunavut. Environment and Planning D: Society and Space, 37, 3: 542-560. (

Ljubicic, G., Okpakok, S., Robertson, S., and Mearns, R. 2018a. Uqsuqtuurmiut inuita tuktumi qaujimaningit (Inuit knowledge of caribou from Gjoa Haven, Nunavut): Collaborative research contributions to co-management efforts. Polar Record, 54, 3: 213-233. (

Ljubicic, G. J., Okpakok, S., Robertson, S., and Mearns, R. 2018b. Inuit approaches to naming and distinguishing caribou: Considering language, place, and homeland toward improved co-management. Arctic, 71, 3: 309-333. (

Sheremata, M. 2018. Listening to relational values in the era of rapid environmental change in the Inuit Nunangat. Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability, 35: 75-81. (

Oberndorfer, E., Winters, N., Gear, C., Ljubicic, G., and Lundholm, J. 2017. Plants in a Sea of Relationships: Networks of Plants and Fishing in Makkovik, Nunatsiavut (Labrador, Canada). Journal of Ethnobiology, 37, 3: 458-477. (

Kelley, K. A., and Ljubicic, G. J.  2012. Policies and practicalities of shipping in arctic waters: Inuit perspectives from Cape Dorset, Nunavut.  Polar Geography, 35, 1: 19-49. (

Grimwood, B. S. R., Doubleday, N. C., Ljubicic, G. J., Donaldson, S. G., and Blangy, S.  2012. Engaged acclimatization: Towards responsible community-based participatory research in Nunavut.  The Canadian Geographer, 56, 2: 211-230. (

Laidler, G. J., Hirose, T., Kapfer, M., Ikummaq, T., Joamie, E., and Elee, P.  2011. Evaluating the Floe Edge Service: How well can SAR imagery address Inuit community concerns around sea ice change and travel safety?  The Canadian Geographer, 55, 1: 91-107. (

Pulsifer, P. L., Laidler, G. J., Taylor, D. R. F., and Hayes, A. 2011.  Towards an Indigenist Data Management Program: Reflections on Experiences Developing an Atlas of Sea Ice Knowledge and Use.  The Canadian Geographer, 55, 1: 108-124. (

Aporta, C., Taylor, D. R. F., and Laidler, G. J. 2011. Geographies of Inuit sea ice use: introduction. The Canadian Geographer, 55, 1: 1-5. (

Laidler, G. J., Ford, J., Gough, W. A., Ikummaq, T., Gagnon, A., Kowal, S., Qrunnut, K., and Irngaut, C. 2009. Travelling and hunting in a changing arctic: Assessing Inuit vulnerability to sea ice change in Igloolik, Nunavut.  Climatic Change, 94: 363-397. (

Pearce, T., Ford, J., Laidler, G., Smit, B., Duerden, F., Allarut, M., Andrachuk, M., Baryluk, S., Dialla, A., Elee, P., Goose, A., Ikummaq, T., Joamie, E., Kataoyak, F., Loring, E., Meakin, S., Nickels, S., Scott, A., Shappa, K., Shirley, J., and Wandel, J. 2009. Community Collaboration and Climate Change Research in the Canadian Arctic.  Polar Research, 28: 10-27. (

Ford, J. D., Gough, W. A., Laidler, G. J., MacDonald, J., Irngaut, C., and Qrunnut, K. 2009. Sea ice, climate change, and community vulnerability in northern Foxe Basin, Canada.  Climate Research. 38: 137-154. (

Laidler, G. J., Dialla, A., and Joamie, E. 2008. Human geographies of sea ice: freeze/thaw processes around Pangnirtung, Nunavut, Canada.  Polar Record, 44, 231: 335-361.  (

Laidler, G. J. and Ikummaq, T. 2008.  Human geographies of sea ice: freeze/thaw processes around Igloolik, Nunavut, Canada.  Polar Record, 44, 229: 127-153. (

Laidler, G. J. and Elee, P. 2008.  Human geographies of sea ice: freeze/thaw processes around Cape Dorset, Nunavut, Canada.  Polar Record, 44, 228: 51-76. (

Laidler, G. J., Treitz, P. M., and Atkinson, D. M. 2008. Remote Sensing of Arctic Vegetation: The relations between NDVI, spatial resolution, and vegetation cover on Boothia Peninsula, Nunavut. Arctic, 61, 1: 1-13. (

Laidler, G. J. 2006.  Inuit and scientific perspectives on the relationship between sea ice and climate: the ideal complement?  Climatic Change,  78, 2-4: 407-444. (

Laidler, G. J. and Gough, W. A. 2003.  Climate Variability and Climatic Change: Potential Implications for Hudson Bay Coastal Communities.  Polar Geography,  27, 1: 38-58. (

Laidler, G. J. and Treitz, P. 2003.  Biophysical Remote Sensing in Arctic Environments.  Progress in Physical Geography, 27, 1: 44-68. (

Reeves, R., Elder, J., and Laidler, G. 2000.  Accuracy of the Canadian Digital Elevation Data  and the National Topographic Database in the Gatineau Region of Québec. Geomatica, 51, 1: 57-64.

Edited Books

Krupnik, I., Aporta, C., Gearheard, S., Laidler, G. J., and Kielsen-Holm, L. (eds.). 2010. SIKU: Knowing Our Ice, Documenting Inuit Sea-Ice Knowledge and Use.  Dordrecht: Springer. (

Book Chapters

Ljubicic, G. J., Pulsifer, P. L., Hayes, A., and Taylor, D. R. F. 2014. The Creation of the Inuit siku (Sea Ice) Atlas. In: Taylor, D. R. F. and Lauriault, T. P. (eds.). Developments in the Theory and Practice of Cybercartography: Applications and Indigenous Mapping (2nd Edition). Oxford: Elsevier Science. pp. 201-218. (

Taylor, D. R. F., Cowan, C., Ljubicic, G. J., and Sullivan, C. 2014. Cybercartography for Education: The Application of Cybercartography to Teaching and Learning in Nunavut, Canada. In: Taylor, D. R. F. and Lauriault, T. P. (eds.). Developments in the Theory and Practice of Cybercartography: Applications and Indigenous Mapping (2nd Edition). Oxford: Elsevier Science. pp.297-324. (

Di Leo Browne, T. and Ljubicic, G. J. 2014. Considerations for Informed Consent in the Context of Online, Interactive, Atlas Creation. In: Taylor, D. R. F. and Lauriault, T. P. (eds.). Developments in the Theory and Practice of Cybercartography: Applications and Indigenous Mapping (2nd Edition). Oxford: Elsevier Science. pp. 263-278. (

Laidler, G. J., and Petrov, A. N.  2013.  The North: Balancing Tradition and Change. In: Tremblay, R. and Chicoine, H. (eds.).  The Geographies of Canada.  Bruxelles: Peter Lang. pp. 393-452.

Laidler, G.  2012. Societal Aspects of Changing Cold Environments.  In: French, H., and Slaymaker, O. (eds.). Changing Cold Environments: A Canadian Perspective.  Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell. pp. 267-300. (

Laidler, G. J., Elee, P., Ikummaq, T., Joamie, E., and Aporta, C. 2010.  Mapping Sea-Ice Knowledge, Use, and Change in Nunavut, Canada (Cape Dorset, Igloolik, Pangnirtung).  In: Krupnik, I., Aporta, C., Gearheard, S., Laidler, G. J., and Kielsen-Holm, L. (eds.).  SIKU: Knowing Our Ice, Documenting Inuit Sea-Ice Knowledge and Use.  Dordrecht: Springer. pp. 45-80. (

Pulsifer, P. L., Laidler, G. J., Taylor, D. R. F., and Hayes, A. 2010.  Creating an Online Cybercartographic Atlas of Inuit Sea Ice Knowledge and Use.  In: Krupnik, I., Aporta, C., Gearheard, S., Laidler, G. J., and Kielsen-Holm, L. (eds.).  SIKU: Knowing Our Ice, Documenting Inuit Sea-Ice Knowledge and Use.  Dordrecht: Springer. 229-254. (

Krupnik, I., Aporta, C., and Laidler, G. J. 2010.  Introduction.  In: Krupnik, I., Aporta, C., Gearheard, S., Laidler, G. J., and Kielsen-Holm, L. (eds.).  SIKU: Knowing Our Ice, Documenting Inuit Sea-Ice Knowledge and Use.  Dordrecht: Springer. 1-28. (

Laidler, G. J. and Elee, P. 2006.  Sea ice processes and change: exposure and risk in Cape Dorset, Nunavut. In: Riewe, R. and Oakes, J. (eds.) Climate Change: Linking Traditional and Scientific Knowledge.  Winnipeg and Québec City: University of Manitoba Aboriginal Issues Press and ArcticNet. pp. 155-175.

Technical Reports

Meredith, M. and Sommerkorn, M. (Coordinating Lead Authors). in press. Chapter 3: Polar Regions. Ljubicic, G. J. among the 69 Contributing Chapter Authors. In: Pörtner,H.- O., Roberts, D.C., Masson-Delmotte, V., Zhai, P., Tignor, M., Poloczanska, E., Mintenbeck, K., Nicolai, M., Okem, A., Petzold, J., Rama, B., Weyer, N. (eds.). IPCC Special Report on the Ocean and Cryosphere in a Changing Climate (Approved Summary for Policymakers). 198pp. Available at:

Tremblay, M., Ford, J., Stratham, S., Pearce, T., Ljubicic, G., Gauthier, Y., and Braithwaite, L. 2018. Chapter 11: Access to the Land and Ice: Travel and Hunting in a Changing Environment. In: Bell, T., and Brown, T. M. (Eds.) From Science to Policy in the Eastern Canadian Arctic: An Integrated Regional Impact Study (IRIS) of Climate Change and Modernization. ArcticNet, Quebec City: 305-321.  Available at:

Dawson, J., Hoke, W., Lamers, M., Liggett, D., Ljubicic, G., Mills, B., Stewart, E., and Thoman, R. 2017. Navigating weather, water, ice and climate information for safe polar mobilities. World Weather Research Programme, Polar Prediction Project, Report No. 5.  Geneva: World Meteorological Organization. Available at:

Nymand Larsen, J. and Anisimov, O. A. (Coordinating Lead Chapter Authors) 2014. Chapter 28: Polar Regions. Ljubicic, G. J. among the 19 Contributing Chapter Authors.  In: Field, C., Barros, V., Mach, K., and Mastrandrea, M. (Coordinating Lead Report Authors). Climate Change 2014: Impacts, Adaptation, and Vulnerability. Working Group II Contribution to the IPCC 5th Assessment Report – Changes to the Underlying Scientific/Technical Assessment. 71pp. Available at: (

Student Theses

Polidoro, A. M. [MA thesis, 2022] What is happening where? An evaluation of Social Science Research Trends in Nunavut (2004-2019). (McMaster University).

Wilson, K. J. [PhD thesis, 2022] The Sikumiut Model: A cross-cultural decolonizing research approach for sea ice travel safety in Mittimatalik, Nunavut. (Memorial University of Newfoundland).

Paquette, E. [MSc thesis, 2020] The potential impacts of sea ice and ship traffic change to caribou sea ice crossings surrounding King William Island, Nunavut. (Carleton University).

de Paiva, A. [MA thesis, 2017] Understanding the Role and Value of Participatory Mapping in an Inuit Knowledge Research Context. (Carleton University). (

Mearns, R. [MA thesis, 2017] Nunavut, Uqausivut, Piqqusivullu Najuqsittiarlavu (Caring for our Land, Language and Culture): The use of land camps in Inuit knowledge renewal and research. (Carleton University). (

Oberndorfer, E. [PhD thesis, 2016] The shared stories of people and plants: Cultural and ecological relationships between people and plants in Makkovik, Nunatsiavut (Labrador, Canada). (Carleton University). (

Holtby, D. [MA thesis, 2016] The Community Readiness Initiative in Kugluktuk, Nunavut: Mining, neoliberalism, and state intervention in arctic Indigenous community development. (Carleton University). (

Ronayne, L. [MA thesis, 2016] Towards a tailored vision of water security in the North: A case study of the Inuvialuit Settlement Region in the Canadian Arctic. (Carleton University). (

Sullivan, C. [MA thesis, 2013] Integrating Culturally Relevant Learning in Nunavut High Schools: Student and educator perspectives from Pangnirtung, Nunavut, and Ottawa, Ontario. (Carleton University). (

Karpala, K. [MA thesis, 2010] Adapting to a World of Change: Inuit Perspectives of Climate Change in Igloolik, Nunavut. (Carleton University). (

Kelley, K. E. [MA thesis, 2009]  Policies and Practicalities of Shipping in Changing Ice Conditions: A case study from Cape Dorset, Nunavut. (Carleton University).(

Laidler, G. J. [PhD thesis, 2007] Ice, Through Inuit Eyes: Characterizing the importance of sea ice processes, use, and change around three Nunavut communities. (University of Toronto).

Laidler, G. J. [MSc thesis, 2002] Multi-resolution remote sensing data for characterizing tundra vegetation communities on Boothia Peninsula, Nunavut. (Queen’s University).

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